How to backup / export / import a WordPress database

3 min read

There are multiple, quick and easy ways to backup your websites database. In this article we’ll look at 2 different options inside of GridPane:

  1. Exporting via phpMyAdmin
  2. Exporting via WP CLI

There are also popular plugins you could use such as All in One WP MigrationUpdraftPlusWP Database Backup WP Migrate DB, and BackWPup.

Exporting via phpMyAdmin

If you’re database is small, phpMyAdmin should work perfectly well for exporting and importing your database. It’s quick and you can do it right inside your GridPane account.

In your account, open up phpMyAdmin by clicking the database icon next to your website.

Inside phpMyAdmin, click “Databases” at the top of the page.

In the left hand side bar you can see the databases available. Select your websites database (in this example the website is “waas.monster”. 

Once inside your database, scroll down to the bottom and check the “Check all” box, and then select the export option from the dropdown to the right of the check box.

phpMyAdmin will take you to a new page as shown below. Click “Go” and it will automatically start the download of your database.

Importing via phpMyAdmin

Now we need to import the database. Open up phpMyAdmin like in the step above. In the menu at the top, click on “Import“. 

Click the “Choose file” button and add your database, then scroll to the bottom of the page and click “Go“. 

This may take awhile depending on the size of your database, but you’ll see a success screen once complete.

Exporting via WP CLI

STEP 1. CONNECT TO YOUR SERVER

For this you’ll need to connect to your server. Please see the following articles to get started:

STEP 2. BACKUP YOUR DATABASE

Creating a backup of your database with GP-WP-CLI is quick and easy.

Run the following command to backup your database (switching out “site.url” for your domain name:

gp wp site.url db export /var/www/site.url/htdocs/name_of_backup.sql --all-tablespaces --add-drop-table

For example:

gp wp gridpane.com db export /var/www/gridpane.com/htdocs/dbaug2020.sql --all-tablespaces --add-drop-table

NOTE: If the above gives you a permissions error your website may require you to add additional privileges. This will look something like:

mysqldump: Error: Access denied; you need (at least one of) the SUPER or SET_USER_ID privilege(s) for this operation

Please see this guide for reference on how to grant extra privileges:

How to grant SUPER permissions for your website

Importing via WP CLI

If your database backup isn’t already on your server you can upload via SFTP into your htdocs folder.

Next, navigate there with:

cd /var/www/site.url/htdocs

Now in the folder where our database is located we can run the following GP-WP-CLI command to import it:

gp wp site.url db import /path/to/database.sql

For example:

gp wp example.com db import /var/www/example.com/htdocs/database.sql

If you get an error when trying to import..

While still inside your websites /htdocs folder, try running WP CLI directly instead of GP-CLI.

First, try the following, switching “systemuser” with your websites system user:

sudo -u systemuser wp db import database.sql

Alternatively, try adding the --allow-root flag and running the following:

wp db import database.sql --allow-root